Tolls on rivers and roads were levied as early as the Middle Ages by the regional rulers or localauthorities. They were considered a kind of contribution or taxation. In the Low Countries, lucrative tolls were levied on most rivers, such as the Rhineand Scheldt. They were abolished in 1795 after the Batavian Revolution. In the 19th and 20th centuries, new tolls were levied, for example, on canals or roads with high costs for construction and maintenance.

Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. . 2012.

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